Citizens for Safe Technology
Empowering the public to protect children
and nature from unsafe wireless technologies.
Science and Research
SCIENCE and RESEARCH: INTRODUCTION to TOPIC Studies and articles relating to human biology and low level microwave radiofrequency fields
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microwaves act through voltage-gated calcium channel activation to induce biological impacts at non-thermal levels, supporting a paradigm shift for microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic field action
I am attaching my recent paper published in Reviews on Environmental Health that provides a detailed critique of the 2014 Canadian Report, showing that each of the major positions taken by the Panel of Experts in support of their view that only heating effects need be considered are deeply flawed. These include the claim that there is no biophysically viable mechanism for non-thermal effects and specifically for non-thermal effects causing cancer; includes the claim for "inconsistencies" in the literature, where the only primary literature they provide (on genotoxicity) that they assert supports that claim is shown to have no inconsistencies whatsoever -- rather that literature shows that different cell types and different EMFs produce different responses, showing biological heterogeneity, not inconsistency; includes the claim that cataracts are caused by heating, a claim shown to be falsified by three studies which the Report fails to cite and also falsified by findings that elevated levels of intracellular calcium have essential roles in causing cataracts and that VGCC activation can cause cataracts; includes the fact that although they throw out huge numbers of studies because of undocumented claims of inconsistency, they fail to throw out their own view on heating effects although it is clearly inconsistent with thousands of published studies.
This is a public access paper which can, therefore, be freely forwarded and freely placed onto internet sites. The paper has several other important parts to it. It updates the evidence that microwave/lower frequency EMFs act via activation of the voltage-gated calcium channels with biological effects being produced by downstream effects of increased intracellular calcium [Ca2+]i. The most important update is that the voltage sensor of the VGCCs can be seen to be extraordinarily sensitive to weak EMFs because of its structure and position in the plasma membrane. It is probably millions of times more sensitive than perhaps any structure in the cell outside the plasma membrane. I don't consider this to be a biophysical model, there are too many uncertainties about it to be considered such a model, but it clearly shows that the claims that there cannot be a biophysically viable mechanism for biological responses to weak, non-thermal EMFs do not apply to the VGCC voltage sensor. Of course you only have to be wrong once for this claim to be wrong.
It also reviews the literature that pulsed fields are often more biologically active than are non-pulsed fields and also the literature that there are window effects where specific intensity windows produce larger biological responses than do windows that do intensities that are either lower or higher. Again, you are welcome to forward this as you wish and/or place it on the internet.
Best wishes to you all,
One of the things that Dr. Pall does not address in the following letter is that Health Canada itself selected the panel members, many of whom, such as John Moulder, Ken Foster, Daniel Krewski, have been long time industry supporters, Krewski was named as Chair, but was shown to have had financial conflicts of interests he did not declare, resulting in his resignation. For some reason Moulder's and Foster's conflicts of interest were not addressed. The selection process was not transparent.
Likewise, Health Canada selected the studies that were to be reviewed, and in advance of the final report refused to provide the list of studies when requested. The entire process has been highly controlled, and the results, as expected, were basically to maintain the status quo - no evidence to show harm that is not attributable to RF exposures that cause heating.
Now that there are more of us educated on the topic as well as on the industry affiliates who promote the public's ignorance, it has become harder for these conclusions to be accepted.
We expect that the FCC's process is equally flawed, and hope that it will be similarly reviewed and criticized.
BioInitiative 2012 Section 13 - Updated Chapter - Davanipour and Sobel
" . . . RECOMMENDATION
"Using the Precautionary Principal, mitigating exposure is a proper goal. Mean occupational exposures over 10 mG or intermittent exposures above 100 mG should be lowered to the extent possible. In situations where this is not feasible, the daily length of exposure should curtailed. Lowering ELF MF exposure can be done by improved placement of the source(s) of magnetic fields (e.g., electric motors in sewing machines, AC/DC converters), shielding, and redesign. It is clear that re-engineering products can greatly lessen ELF MF exposure, and possibly result in important innovations. It is noted that certain automotive models produce medium to high ELF MFs, as do steel-belted radial tires (Milham et al., 1999).
"All of the studies discussed have based exposure classifications using magnetic field (MF) measurements, not electric field (EF) measurements. We separately discuss extremely low frequency (ELF, ≤ 60 Hz) MFs and radiofrequency (RF) MFs. Furthermore, the discussion is primarily limited to investigations related to ELF MF exposure as a possible risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), female breast cancer (BC), and the possible biological pathways linking ELF MF exposure to AD and BC incidence, e.g., reduction in the production of melatonin. . . .
Effects of 2.4 GHz Radiofrequency Radiation Emitted from Wi-Fi Equipment on microRNA Expression in Brain Tissue.
"Long term exposure of 2.4 GHz RF may lead to adverse effects such as neurodegenerative diseases originated from the alteration of some miRNAs expression and more studies should be devoted to the effects of RF radiation on miRNAs expression levels.
"Dr. Joel Moskowitz comments: The significant effects on microRNAs observed in this study were found from Wi-Fi exposure that was well below the legal limit. The FCC's whole-body exposure limit for the general population is 0.08 watts/kilogram. In this study, the average whole body exposure was 0.0001414 watts/kilogram (141.4 μW/kg), and the peak exposure was 0.007127 watts/kilogram (7127 μW/kg)."
Joel M. Moskowitz, Ph.D., Director
Center for Family and Community Health
School of Public Health
University of California, Berkeley
Results of 4-year monitoring (Russia)
" . . . To sum up, the preliminary results of a four-year monitoring revealed the following.
1. All children from the test group showed an increase in the number of wrong phonetic perception (incorrect phoneme recognition). The contralateral effect was registered in in 79.3% of all cases.
2. 66.7% of children from the test group showed the increased reaction time to audio signal.
3. At the end of fourth year of observations, 50.7% of children from the test group demonstrated lower performance. Half of those cell phone users were performing at the lower level of their age norm.
4. Considerable increase in the fatigue was registered in 39.7% of all the cases, and these changes should be seen as substantial in 30% of the cases.
5. Registered declines in productivity (14.3%) and / or accuracy (19.4%) when the stability of voluntary attention has been tested; and lower accuracy (19.4%) and / or increasing the time (30.1%) when semantic memory has been tested, i.e. the deterioration of cognitive processes in general|.
6. Although in most cases, changes in psychophysiological indicators were staying within the age norms, we found steady decline from high results to the lower limit of norm (performance, voluntary attention and semantic memory, audio-and visual-motor reactions).
These data and continuous active children's use of mobile phones call for further research and observations.
"The following is a quick summary of another twenty papers that have come out over the last few months related to effects of electromagnetic radiation. . . "
C4ST - An article by Andre Fauteux of Montreal
"Initially, Montrealer Pierre Lepage was glad to receive the letter Hydro-Québec mailed him in 2011. It announced the upcoming replacement of the six electric meters located in his basement appartment's kitchen, by wireless "smart" meters that communicate with radiofrequency microwaves (RF/MWs). "I told myself, thanks to remote metering, I won't have to fill out meter-reading cards anymore. But I was ignorant", Lepage said in a 2012 interview after writing Quebec's Energy Board to complain that those meters harmed his family's health. About two weeks after they were installed, Lepage, his wife, father and teenage son all developed flue-like symptoms : dizziness, headaches, fatigue, nausea and loss of appetite. "We thought we caught a virus, but the symptoms lasted for weeks. Later, I developed heart palpitations and high blood pressure for the first time in my life", the 36-year-old man said. He later covered the meters' glass globes with four layers of aluminum foil to reduce their RF/MW emissions, as recommended by Villeray Refuse, the first citizen's group to oppose mandatory installation of smart meters. "Three days later we felt much better", Lepage wrote in his letter to the Energy Board.
"Health authorities say smart meters are safe because their average RF/MW emissions are thousands of times weaker than those from cellphones. But experts in electromagnetic fields (EMFs) health effects say research is needed because it seems that smart meters' 24/7, intermittent and unpredictable pulses may be disrupting the synchronized electrical impulses in body cells. Evidence submitted in 2013 to the British Parliament stated smart meters "have triggered thousands of complaints of ill health and disabling symptoms worldwide", according to the first study on smart meter health complaints published this week in a peer-reviewed medical journal. Its author, Dr Frederica Lamech, found that the main symptoms reported by some people exposed meters are the same as those related to other wireless devices for more than 60 years. . . .
New Research Discovers that Depression is an Allergic Reaction to Inflammation
Here are three plausible causes of the global depression epidemic:
L. Lloyd Morgan, Santosh Kesari, Devra Lee Davis
Computer simulation using MRI scans of children is the only possible way to determine the microwave radiation (MWR) absorbed in specific tissues in children. Children absorb more MWR than adults because their brain tissues are more absorbent, their skulls are thinner and their relative size is smaller. MWR from wireless devices has been declared a possible human carcinogen. Children are at greater risk than adults when exposed to any carcinogen. Because the average latency time between first exposure and diagnosis of a tumor can be decades, tumors induced in children may not be diagnosed until well into adulthood. The fetus is particularly vulnerable to MWR. MWR exposure can result in degeneration of the protective myelin sheath that surrounds brain neurons. MWR-emitting toys are being sold for use by young infants and toddlers. Digital dementia has been reported in school age children. A case study has shown when cellphones are placed in teenage girls' bras multiple primary breast cancer develop beneath where the phones are placed. MWR exposure limits have remained unchanged for 19 years. All manufacturers of smartphones have warnings which describe the minimum distance at which phone must be kept away from users in order to not exceed the present legal limits for exposure to MWR. The exposure limit for laptop computers and tablets is set when devices are tested 20 cm away from the body. Belgium, France, India and other technologically sophisticated governments are passing laws and/or issuing warnings about children's use of wireless devices.
Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure - L. Lloyd Morgan, S. Kesari, Devra Lee Ddavis
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Citizens For Safe Technology
"Wi-Fi: Is It Safe?"
Citizens for Safe Technology is a not-for-profit educational society made up of parents, grandparents, teachers, business professionals, scientists, politicians and lawyers concerned about the exponential increase in public exposure to harmful wireless technologies.
We believe a profound urgency exists to protect the unsuspecting public, especially children, youth and pregnant mothers from unsafe wireless technologies.
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